Paperwork of Mundanity | Doreen St. Félix

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Whereas I used to be getting ready for this interview, there was an issue with The New Yorker’s web site; after I searched “Doreen St. Felix,” I acquired what gave the impression to be each single article ever written within the historical past of the journal. This glitch struck me as an applicable illustration of Doreen as a prolific critic with a variety and stunning topics. Listed below are a number of the artists I’ve discovered about by means of her work: the violinist Sudan Archives, who, Doreen writes, “does not stand still when she performs. She has used choreography inspired by video games: twirling her bow as if it were a sword or a snake, as if she were a charmer, or a warrior”; the cult astrologist Susan Miller, who offers readings perched on high of a trunk “space-blue on the exterior, with a circular aperture that reveals the inside, where orbs representing Saturn and Pluto hang”; the photographer Alicia Rodriguez Alvisa, whose doubled photographs of ladies Doreen compares to taking a selfie. “I think of how I sometimes turn my phone on myself,” she writes, “and am then confronted by dozens of antagonizing copies of me that curdle into an image nothing like the idea of what I want to look like.” She has written about public artwork and the historical past of Accomplice monuments, the Republican major debates, Danielle Deadwyler, the brand new Kesha album, anti-Black police violence, the pictures of Clifford Prince King, Jerry Springer, Alex Trebek, and, in fact, tv. In case you’ve watched it, Doreen has written about it, in her gorgeously sinewy model, together with her sharp political acumen and her depraved humorousness. Her tv column from 2020 to 2022 is an archive of seminal paperwork in up to date tv criticism. I consider her as a John Berger for the display screen period. Doreen was named on the Forbes “30 Under 30” media checklist in 2016, and in 2017, she turned a workers author for The New Yorker and was a finalist for a Nationwide Journal Award for Columns and Commentary. In 2019, she received in the identical class.

Merve Emre: I all the time begin these conversations with the identical immediate. The general public in our viewers are faculty college students. Are you able to narrate how you bought from the place they’re to the place you’re as we speak?

Doreen St. Felix: I’ve observed the way you begin the conversations. I studied up earlier than I acquired right here as a result of I wished to be one in all your favourite friends. The truth that you’re all at an occasion on the Shapiro Middle means that you’re light-years forward of the place I used to be at your age. I began off in faculty learning neuroscience. I used to be burdened by the concept that I used to be meant to be a medical physician. I grew up in a really Catholic residence deep in South Brooklyn. Each of my mother and father labored in drugs. I used to be surrounded by artwork, and so they actually beloved and cared about artwork, however there was a way that in your life to have significance, it needed to be a lifetime of service.

Once I acquired to Brown, I entered the pre-medicine observe and located that I used to be genuinely horrible, not at science, however at math. I had an advisor inform me, “I don’t know why you think that you have to be this kind of person in life.” She gave me the liberty to discover different areas of examine, and I meandered quite a bit. I did a bit of bit in French literature, however I assumed, I don’t wish to go to grad faculty, so I received’t try this.

There have been two newspapers on my campus, the every day newspaper, which coated solely information on campus, and the choice, horny, weekly newspaper, which tried very laborious to be like The New Yorker. After all, that was the newspaper I gravitated towards. Initially I did native information tales, metro reporting, after which I discovered myself changing into all in favour of a sort of writing that I didn’t know on the time was criticism. I turned the Options Editor and began writing essays that I didn’t know have been essays. I had no concept of any historical past or custom after I began writing for the newspaper, partly as a result of it wasn’t an educational setting. There was nobody main or guiding us and telling us, “This is what you’re doing.” We have been simply dicking round. I ran the newspaper, and we had a extremely good product. We put it out as soon as every week. I wasn’t conscious that might result in something like a workers job.

Throughout the 12 months after faculty, I discovered a neighborhood of like-minded proto-critics who tended to be girls or nonbinary and queer individuals. We have been compulsively performing criticism for one another with respect to the pop-culture merchandise we have been consuming. I nonetheless hadn’t grasped that this was work I may publish anyplace, as a result of lots of the magazines that at the moment are publishing this work weren’t publishing it after I graduated, which was ten years in the past this previous Might. I believe the primary piece I ever revealed was on a Rihanna tune referred to as “Bitch Better Have My Money.”

Why that tune?

I studied music for a few years, in a spiritual context. I performed piano and sang in a church choir. I knew that I wasn’t essentially a gifted musician, however I had an actual starvation for doing the actual exegesis you do as a musician. I wished to switch that to a different a part of my life.

I gravitated to that tune as a result of I noticed the historical past behind it. I noticed Rihanna cosplaying as Lil’ Kim within the nineties. There’s this superb interview of bell hooks speaking to Lil’ Kim in Paper journal. It got here out in 1997. I used to be completely obsessive about the cross part of popular culture and Black feminism. In some ways, I believe that is what critics do: we take a topic and we applicable it for our personal functions.

I knew that tune, its message, was going to be the proper floor on which I may engrave my concepts about how younger girls like me have been excited about cash, have been excited about heterosexual romance. That was the primary piece I ever revealed after faculty. I revealed it in Pitchfork. I used to be paid fifty {dollars}. It modified my life, largely as a result of I used to be by no means going to be a author if I wasn’t going to receives a commission for doing it. With the way in which that I used to be raised, I felt it was necessary for me to really feel like my work was priceless. Clearly, fifty {dollars} will not be that a lot cash, nevertheless it made clear to me that I didn’t must self-ghettoize or self-segregate myself simply because I didn’t have the sure pedigree that a few of my friends at Brown had.

You mentioned you and your pals, your neighborhood of proto-critics, have been continually performing criticism for each other on objects that weren’t being paid consideration to by mainstream media. What have been these performances of criticism have been like? What objects did you concentrate on? Recreate that scene for us a bit of bit.

As a lot as I used to be residing in New York Metropolis within the mid-2010s, I used to be additionally residing on the Web. I believe we have been drawn to things that readily transferred their sense of energy or being through picture. The music video was one thing that we have been all connected to, and style; though I wasn’t somebody who essentially preferred to eat lots of it, I turned obsessive about watching how style allowed individuals to current themselves to the world, current themselves on the Web. I believe we have been additionally within the ingénue determine. I’m considering of Vashtie, a deejay who was all the time on the Decrease East Facet trying beautiful and inaccessible. Her photographs would go completely feral on-line.

We have been all in favour of seeing how girls introduced themselves at this juncture within the 2010s. The journal was fading, and Instagram wasn’t {the marketplace} that it’s now. It was a interval when individuals have been capable of management their picture and management the revenue that they made out of their picture. I wouldn’t have used this language again after I was twenty, however I understood that one thing was altering essentially. After we talked in regards to the historical past of the picture, that’s usually what we talked about, whether or not on blogs like Tumblr or in intimate areas like emails or DMs. I’d have these lengthy, circuitous tribunals on concept about picture with my buddies over e mail. That was the tradition on the time.

I don’t know that it’s the identical now. I’ve developed a way more cautious relationship to the Web up to now decade, as a result of I’m recovering from what it was wish to be a critic who primarily wrote on-line. Now I’m writing extra in print. I additionally suppose the Web is much more hostile now than it was again then.

How did you get from Pitchfork to The New Yorker?

I had an odd collection of jobs. I labored for about eight months as an editor-at-large for Lenny Letter, a defunct e-newsletter that was run by Lena Dunham. This was the time when lots of feminist celebrities have been all in favour of publishing. Lena had simply revealed her memoir, which had completed extremely properly, and he or she had an actual knack and style for the private essay. There have been many diatribes that argue the private essay doesn’t exist anymore, or when it did exist on this means, within the Web period, we overly valorized it, which brought on lots of people to publish issues about themselves that they shouldn’t have. I don’t have that viewpoint. The e-newsletter was severe. Generally it was foolish. I largely labored on books. I ran a column the place I wrote about books that I felt extra individuals ought to learn. I believe the primary one we did was on June Jordan.

That’s such a micro era, isn’t it? I bear in mind it, nevertheless it feels very, very distant, as does the optimism of that second.

I felt distance from that optimism. I believe I used to be introduced in to be the youthful cynic on workers, however I additionally was not going to let that sort of alternative go me by. I’m not a purist. I’m very prepared and capable of be in areas which can be formed by capital, are formed round promoting issues. I believe that the buyer is the first identification of many, many individuals in our era. I began off working for these corporations that have been about creating wealth.

Bitch higher have my cash.

Precisely. I labored at Lenny Letter for eight months. After, I moved on to MTV Information, which was additionally doing one thing very attention-grabbing in 2015. MTV Information was absorbing lots of the individuals who had been fired from Grantland, which was a longform essay shelter within the late 2000s, early 2010s. We had this playground that we knew was by no means going to final. There was no means Viacom was going to permit us to proceed to publish looking out, meandering, long-form criticism on music and tradition, however we did for eleven months. Proper earlier than the operation was shuttered, I acquired a message from an editor at The New Yorker that mentioned, “You should come into our office.” I went, and I didn’t wish to take the job as a result of at first I felt like, That is every part that I don’t do. I’m an Web lady, I’m a weblog lady, I don’t do print magazines. I don’t suppose I’d ever been revealed in print at that time.

It strikes me what number of media journeys have began from these fringe areas that felt experimental, that got here with these robust emotions of neighborhood however with out an excessive amount of institutional backing. Then, for those who have been good at it, you bought absorbed by the legacy establishments. How did your voice change, if it modified in any respect, from being a weblog lady to writing for {a magazine}?

The nice irony is that we have been working in a mode that’s conventional to the newspaper kind, which is that you just produce a bit fairly shortly. However there was a way of playfulness, a way of willingness to be fallacious that was essential to our capacity to supply this work as shortly as we have been doing it. Once I began writing for the New Yorker web site, I used to be nervous that the institutional model employed at locations like Lenny Letter or MTV Information wouldn’t work inside the tradition there, that the items would grate in opposition to what readers have been anticipating.

However I used to be fallacious. Readers have been excited to see tales that might come out 5 hours after no matter phenomenon we have been analyzing. The concept I needed to placed on a go well with and stiffen up completely got here from myself. The writers I gravitate to on the journal essentially the most, together with you, together with Hilton, are individuals who resolve to not take up these guidelines and resolve to play with model. There’s a means that you may enable your voice to freeze into one’s concept of what a New Yorker author ought to sound like, however there’s a means that you may give your self permission and do no matter you need.

I wish to return to what you mentioned about your mother and father, that you just grew up considering the one life or the one profession value pursuing can be one devoted to service. Do you consider what you do as offering a service? It’s not the identical kind of service {that a} medical physician gives, however it’s a service for customers of tradition.  

In criticism, service is a nasty phrase. It’s a phrase that we apply to publications whose evaluations are simply telling us whether or not we must always purchase one thing. However as I’m coming into my second decade of doing this work, I don’t bristle at the concept that I’m doing one thing for individuals who is perhaps deciding to take a look at that work primarily as customers. Clearly, I wish to reside in a world the place the criticism stands by itself, the place the exegesis is typically even higher than the work. I personally love studying criticism and by no means seeing the film, or by no means studying the e book, as a result of the entire level is to see the exegesis being completed. However as I become old, I believe we should face the fact of the factor, which is when somebody messages me and tells me, “I wasn’t going to watch this television show, and I decided to continue to not watch that television show because of your review.” That’s a sort of energy that I believe is fleeting in our cultural house. It’s an influence that I believe is necessary.

There is perhaps no kind extra compromised proper now than the tv present, so far as capital goes. You have been the tv critic for the journal for a bit of beneath three years. Inform us about that course of. It’s one other step in a profession, to go from writing items that you just select your self or negotiate together with your editor to having a column that should be revealed regularly. It’s one thing that you just steward.

I used to be rather more of a roving critic earlier than I began the column. I didn’t actually consider myself as having a accountability, or as having a house or a shelter. I took over the column from somebody who had completely redefined it on her personal phrases, Emily Nussbaum. All of a sudden, the stakes felt quite a bit larger. One factor that was thrilling was realizing, sure, I’m going to have these particular person columns, however what I’m actually doing is creating an prolonged argument in regards to the state of tv all through all of them. I couldn’t have gotten that job at a greater time. I began the column in February of 2020, which is to say {that a} month later the one artwork you may eat was tv.

You can learn novels.

You can learn novels, it’s true.

However everybody was additionally watching tv. Or Netflix.

In an especially impassioned means. It was a considerably disconcerting time to be a tv critic. I felt lots of want from individuals who learn the column, like, “Can you please watch this television show and tell me how I feel about it?” I used to be turned on by that ask, as a result of tv critics don’t have the Cahiers du Cinéma. We’re not related to a severe undertaking. We’re related to one thing extra like TV Information. I really like outdated TV Information evaluations, however there wasn’t a guiding ethic for tv criticism within the twentieth century.

Now, within the twenty-first century, there’s an actual effort to make it as severe as movie criticism. I used that as my compass. I didn’t wish to neglect actuality tv, for instance. You may make an argument that every part is actuality tv at this second—I don’t imply within the Trumpian sense, however that we’re all the time filming ourselves. We’re all the time making paperwork of mundanity. To behave like that’s unfit of the strain of a essential eye is, I believe, delusional. That was one factor I wished to deliver to the forefront of the column. I generally additionally wrote about social media, which at this level constitutes a sort of tv. For me, it was about redefining what tv is greater than protecting sure exhibits or sure genres. I attempted to mood our obsession with so-called status tv. Clearly, there are some exhibits you may’t keep away from. You need to write about them.

What have been the unavoidable exhibits from 2020 to 2023?

Succession. A terrific tv present, however on steadiness, not watched by many individuals in America. I discovered after I was trying on the numbers that folks do nonetheless actually watch community tv. Generally I must write about Legislation & Order. That was thrilling, to take a look at this factor that in some methods rested in a essential dormancy however was a magnet for many tv viewers.

Oh, I really like Legislation & Order. It’s so comforting. It’s so formulaic.

Additionally, sport exhibits. I wrote about The Masked Singer. Every time I’d generally really feel down on myself—like, rattling, is that this what I’m doing with my life—I’d take into consideration writing as wrestling. We now have to wrestle with the truth that well-liked leisure is the place lots of our needs get carried out. Writing the TV column helped me shed lots of my very own preciousness, my very own snobbery, but in addition construct new sorts of snobbery. Personally, I believe snobbery is nice.

What are you a snob about? You’ve been resolutely anti-snobbish on this dialog.

As a lot as I do love dangerous, trash tradition, I’m nonetheless a snob about it. I believe that there’s a half-submerged method to creating that tradition, and once you see it, you realize that it’s being completed with intention, and when it’s not there I’m very a lot prepared to dismiss the trouble. I’m not going to sit down and apply a Black feminist evaluation to some meme that has gone radically viral inside the previous week or two, which is one thing that occurs in trendy well-liked criticism that I’ve an actual bone to select with. Patricia Hill Collins and bell hooks didn’t do their work in order that you may say this social media rapper is a genius. There are some actual stakes that must be redrawn, particularly after we speak about Black tradition in a capitalist context.

I wish to offer you an object that brings collectively the threads of what we’ve been discussing: excessive and low tradition, the way in which one attends to pictures, the appliance of a Black feminist lens to artworks. May I ask you to flip over the piece of paper subsequent to you? Do you acknowledge this?

Awol Erizku: Lady with a Bamboo Earring, 2009

I do acknowledge this.

What are we right here?

We’re {a photograph} primarily based on a really well-known portray. This {photograph} is titled Lady with a Bamboo Earring. It was made by a younger Ethiopian American photographer referred to as Awol Erizku.

One factor that I haven’t completed up to now on this collection is give anybody a piece of visible artwork. The explanation I haven’t completed that’s as a result of it’s difficult to explain visible artwork on the spot to individuals who don’t have the picture in entrance of them. What does this {photograph} appear like? What strikes you about its colours, its composition, its topic, its perspective? Take it anyplace you wish to go.

We would go to some bizarre locations. The truth that we’re {a photograph} primarily based on a picture I believe individuals can recall—Vermeer’s Lady with a Pearl Earring—is absolutely fascinating. Normally after we take a look at photographs, that picture is being birthed in entrance of our eyes, in that very second. We’re not essentially excited about reference. Whereas this {photograph} by Erizku is drowned in reference.

We now have this black background. It’s so black, it’s practically Vantablack. We’re a younger girl. Her pores and skin is brown. She appears to be Black. She is giving us three quarters of her physique. She is wearing what seems like a gown. It’s blue. The blue of the gown begins to recede into that black, black, black background. She has her hair wrapped in a specific model. It sort of jogs my memory of the way in which that hijabis wrap their hair. The highest of the wrap is identical blue because the gown, after which there’s this yellow strand, virtually like a ponytail, coming from her head wrap.

She seems up to date. A part of that’s the means her lips are half open. Individuals who take selfies that are supposed to seduce individuals know what I imply by this half-open look. You let your backside lip come practically to your chin, and also you expose your enamel a bit of bit. She additionally has lined her eyes with kohl, and the kohl is overdone. It’s a bit of smudged, virtually like a body round her eye, and her eyebrows are stuffed in. She’s sporting make-up in the way in which that ladies wore make-up within the 2010s.

Then there’s that earring. It’s the one side of her gown that doesn’t appear like a dressing up. The best way that she’s sporting the gown and head wrap makes it appear to be a stylist or a photographer got here in and put her on this outfit. There’s a sense of disruption in time. The lady who seems like this sometimes wouldn’t gown this manner, however the earring seems like an earring she may sometimes put on. It’s a bamboo earring you will get at a magnificence provide retailer. It’s probably made out of plastic. It doesn’t appear to have weight to it. It’s type of waving within the air as she turns and offers us her three-quarter profile. It’s formed in a coronary heart and since the background is so black, due to the lighting of the {photograph}, it appears to virtually float.

We will’t actually see her ear, however we are able to see this earring. There’s a humorousness about that, as a result of once you consider Vermeer’s Lady with a Pearl Earring,a lot of its attraction all through the centuries is that we’re seeing an idealized lady pierced. The thought of that jewellery going by means of her physique has all the time been the attraction of that portray for me. On this {photograph}, we don’t get to see the ear in any respect, and so it feels just like the photographer is all in favour of making a really completely different level than Vermeer was.

Can I ask you to say another descriptive factor earlier than we get to the distinction between what Vermeer is attempting to do and what the photographer is attempting to do? Are you able to say one thing about the way in which the hand on the backside seems like it’s resting on one thing—as if it’s arrested in midair?

It’s superb that you just requested me that, as a result of the way in which the {photograph} consists, you virtually miss the hand. The hand is true on the edge, virtually being eaten by the body. The hand is perhaps on her hip. It is perhaps dangling. There’s one thing a bit of bit naughty in regards to the hand, as a result of often after we see a portrait that provides us a torso up, we’re not essentially excited about the underside half of the physique, however the hand suggests it. It additionally makes you surprise what her nails are like. If she’s sporting a bamboo earring, it permits you to speculate how she may adorn the remainder of her physique.

Additionally, there’s a bit of little bit of kinetic movement with the top wrap. I ponder whether she tied her personal head wrap, or somebody tied it for her, or she swept it round her again and didn’t know what to do with the hand that had simply completed that sweeping, so determined to provide us a parody of a pose.

That raises the query of style. What’s the relationship between this {photograph} and the portray that it’s primarily based on. Is that this parody? Is it satire? Is it merely a reference? How will we learn the connection between the previous and the current, and between portray and images?

Or is it Mad Libs? I’ve encountered this {photograph} so many instances in my life. The primary time I ever encountered it was on Tumblr, and that’s as a result of it went bonkers viral. In case you have been a cute Black lady within the 2010s and also you noticed somebody had redone the Vermeer with a brown pores and skin lady and he or she was sporting a bamboo earring, you went berserk. However there wasn’t essentially a language for that feeling. There was an acceptance that it was evident why individuals can be drawn to Erizku’s {photograph}, however I don’t suppose it’s really evident. I believe there are lots of confused emotions and confused messaging on this work.

Black up to date artwork now has very a lot solidified the concept that we’re coming into the good halls of the museum, of the gallery. There are such a lot of exhibits now the place they’ll put Religion Ringgold subsequent to Picasso. I believe MoMA did that a few years in the past. This {photograph} to me is an emblem of that change in New York Metropolis’s artwork world, extra so than it’s a touch upon the Vermeer. Many Black up to date artists have realized that a good way to get into the museum system is to satirize the museum system. However on the identical time, is there a weak spot to this concept that we are able to blackface photographs which can be basic in our Western imaginations? I believe that’s one thing that now we have to contemplate after we take a look at this picture.

I take into consideration the background, and I need it to do extra. I need it to counsel its setting in time. The Vermeer isn’t simply the lady; that she’s sporting a turban throughout that interval suggests a sort of proto-internationalism. The bamboo earring can’t do all that work, as a result of the bamboo earring has a sort of flippancy. It’s so apparent, it should be a bit of little bit of a joke.

I wish to return to one thing you mentioned in your description, which is that the posture of the mouth, the kohl-ringed eyes and the way in which that they’re smudged, and the hyper-saturation of coloration appears to reference a up to date aesthetic that solicits want by means of a specific medium and style: the filtered Instagram selfie. I ponder if there may be historical past baked into the aesthetic in a distinct sort of means.

That’s a good way of trying on the {photograph}, too. There’s one thing about this {photograph} that makes me take into consideration, unusually sufficient, the black-and-white portraits that Malick Sidibé would soak up his studio, partly as a result of this {photograph} is doing the alternative work. These photographs have been very washed-out. We acquired the sitter from head to ft, all of their physique. Whereas this {photograph} is a lot about eradicating the sitter from any sense of the world. We now have a sign of the up to date together with her eyes, her mouth, and the earring—there’s a actual pressure. Not a violence, however an depth on the a part of the photographer, who virtually desires to deal with her like she is a painted object, who takes her physique and decides to place her by means of these virtually alchemical digital processes, which is what we do after we take our photographs and put them by means of a filter. We resolve to crop them, we resolve to make them match a pre-existing utility, however different instances an concept. Once I resolve to publish a selfie on Instagram, generally I wish to simply appear like my sultry face reduce off from the neck as a result of I wish to convey a sure concept. What’s so humorous about this {photograph} is that Erizku is making use of strategies of selfie images, which in fact means a sitter being her personal portraitist. However this isn’t a selfie. That is him coming in—he is essential right here—and deciding to offer his personal criticism of how it’s that younger Black girls suppose that they wish to be seen.

Two gazes are operative right here: the gaze of the male photographer and the sitter’s gaze, which focuses on us. How are we purported to learn our personal relationship to this topic? To place an asterisk on the top of that query, you talked about seeing this for the primary time when it went viral. I sense a distance between your attraction to it then and the way you’re perceiving it now.

The factor a couple of {photograph} like this—which was displayed in bodily house, however its house is primarily in digital house—is that it’s the sort of work that folks all really feel like they personal. In case you resolve to repost this in your Tumblr, in your Instagram, it’s yours, and it turns into part of the grand vista you might have determined to create on the picture gallery all of us have on our numerous social media web sites. Her gaze, which needs to be piercing, feels as if it has been divested of that feeling of confrontation, on condition that she doesn’t exist in a rarefied house the place we must go to pilgrimage to seek out her. She is all over the place.

It jogs my memory of this nice ambivalence that developed in me as a Black girl in my thirties. I’m nonetheless younger, however I don’t really feel the thrill of transgression that I felt after I was in my twenties seeing a picture like this. I’m beginning to really feel like transgression has turn out to be superficial moderately than an actual substantive vessel by which we try to alter issues. Lady with a Bamboo Earring in the end is fatally tethered to her reference, and it causes us to consider up to date Blackness because the factor that needs to be smuggled into the previous, versus one thing that has its personal previous. That’s the dilemma with a picture like this, the way it ages.

Anybody who takes pictures of themselves is aware of it is going to age poorly—or moderately, that you’ll age, so it is going to not be a trustworthy illustration of you. We now have a deadly relationship to images that feels important to the medium. Do you suppose any of that logic is being self-consciously evoked right here? Or do you suppose the picture is kind of unaware of its relationship to its personal gimmickry?

I believe this {photograph} is totally harmless. This {photograph} was made with the very unconscious concept that the world would finish after it was created. There’s no sense of the longer term in it, which is an incredible sort of optimism to have. I believe that in a life longer lived, possibly that individual wouldn’t create this {photograph} as a result of they’d be an grownup with the data that it might age, satirically, on condition that it primarily lives on the Web and pictures on the Web don’t age. I’m all in favour of it as a capsule greater than as a piece that I’d apply an lively essential evaluation to as we speak. It’s a lot extra highly effective and totemic to me as a sort of message from the mid-2010s, when there have been younger Black artists who felt offended and entitled to do this type of work, even when that work couldn’t all the time bear the burden of the concepts that it meant to sign.

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